History - Plebiscite in Warmia and Mazury
The year of 2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the plebiscites carried out in Warmia and Mazury.
The plebiscite in the Olsztyn district area was governed by the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles: Articles 94 and 96 set the boundaries of the plebiscite areas, while Articles 95 and 97 regulated the procedure for conducting the plebiscite and voting conditions.
The plebiscite area covered two districts:
- Kwidzyn (the Sztum and Susz Poviats, the right-bank part of the Malbork and Kwidzyn Poviats)
- Olsztyn (the Olsztyn Poviat and the southern part of the Reszel Poviat with Biskupiec in Warmia, and Masurian poviats – Ostróda, Nidzica, Szczytno, Pisz, Mrągowo, Ełk, Giżycko in the Olsztyn Regierungsbezirk, as well as the Olecko Poviat in the Gołdap Regierungsbezirk).
Voting was open to any person born in the plebiscite area who was over 20 years old. Voters were obliged to vote in the municipality of their residence.
In May 1920, the preparation of lists of persons entitled to vote started. However, the lists were drafted without the participation of Poles and included names of people who were not entitled to vote or who were deceased.
On June 5, 1920, by Regulation No. 17, the Allied Commission set the day of voting on Sunday, July 11, 1920.
Despite objections raised by Poland, the vote was conducted on the date set by the Commission.
Four municipalities in Mazury and four municipalities in Warmia were entirely in favour of joining Poland.
Based on the materials collected by the State Archive in Olsztyn, users have the opportunity to learn about the specificity of the sources concerning the plebiscite (including, among others, announcements, minutes, reports, statements or press articles) and, above all, its history.
These archival materials have become the inspiration to present the events that took place 100 years ago in an unconventional manner to a wide group of enthusiasts exploring the history of this region.
Electronic puzzles are a project addressed to everyone interested in the topic of the plebiscite.
We encourage you to visit the website of the State Archive in Olsztyn and iPuzzle.pl.