Český Krumlov is a small town located in the southern Czech Republic. It was founded in the 13th century at the foot of the rock on which a medieval castle stands, defending the former crossing on the Vltava River, which beautifully winds here. The town developed without external interference for more than five centuries and for that reason the architecture here has retained its original character. The old town was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1992 as an example of a Central European medieval town. Apart from the castle and adjoining gardens there is a number of important historic monuments in the town, including the town hall, two churches, a monastery, brewery building and old tenement houses.