The Roman Colosseum is the landmark of the Eternal City and one of the most valuable historic monuments of Europe. The famous Italian Flavian Amphitheatre was built in the 1st century AD. It owes its present name to the nearby location of the Colossus, i.e. the 40-meter statue of Nero. Until the 5th century the walls of the amphitheater witnessed mainly gladiatorial combat, hunting of wild animals, as well as the shows called naumachiae, reconstructing the famous naval battles. For two thousand years since its inception the edifice has repeatedly suffered smaller or bigger damage, but it managed to survive to our times. It is currently the biggest tourist attraction of Rome.